People’s Republic of China or simply China is a must see country at East Asia. It has a total land area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers making it the second largest country in the world. There are a total of 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and two self-governing special administrative regions. The seat of governance is at the capital, Beijing.
Traveling to China
There are different ways to reach China: plane, land, or sea. But remember, any of these routes would require the traveler to obtain a visa. To get a visa, inquire at your country’s Chinese embassy.
There are many international flights going to China. The main airports are located at Beijing, Hong Kong and Shanghai. From here one could travel by road to the different provinces of China.
It is also possible to reach China via land. There are roads from Tibet, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia and Russia going to China. However, some of these roads are tricky and expensive.
Traveling by sea is a unique and possible way to reach China. Hong Kong, Japan, Vietnam and South Korea offers boat rides to reach the said country.
China consists of various land forms. The landscape on the northern borders consists of forest steppes and desserts. This is because of the dry and arid environment. And to the south there are subtropical forests. There are also mountain ranges like the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan that divides China with South and Central Asia. There are also rivers like Yangtze and Yellow River crossing the lands of China. These rivers are known as the third and sixth longest rivers respectively. It is also surrounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South Chine Seas on the east.
These landforms have become a tourist destination. The country has assisted and protected these areas making it an attraction for foreigners. Listed below are some natural sceneries one should see when they visit China.
Mount Huang also known as Huangshan or Yellow Mountain is one natural tourist attraction that people must visit. It is mountain range located at eastern China. Nature lovers would want to take some time and admire the beautiful scenery, pine trees, and granite peaks that nearly touch the clouds. Ancestors had carved 60,000 steps to reach the peak. But now, tourist could ride a cable car to the top and admire the view.
Li River Cruise
For those travelling to Guangxi Province at northeastern China, do not miss a Li River cruise from Guilin to Yangshuo. Riding this cruise one would be at awe with the hills, cliffs, caves, villages by the river, and bamboo groves. It is a nice trip to escape from the busy city life.
Jiuzhaigou Valley was dubbed as a “fairyland.” Within the valley are clear waterfalls and lakes. On its background are snow-covered karst mountains. It is the home of giant pandas.
Aside from these natural tourist destinations, there are also man-made tourist destinations.
Historic tourist attractions
Historic tourist attractions have been built based on China’s rich history. China is known as one of the oldest civilization with a rich and interesting history. It was occupied and ruled by different dynasties that had influenced infrastructures. Each dynasty had a structural contribution that has now become a part of a historic attraction.
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China was built in the 5th century during the Ming Dynasty. It serves as a protection on the northern border from attacks from nomadic tribes. At present there are portions of the wall that have been ruined. But the government is doing what it can to preserve this historic architecture.
The Forbidden City in Beijing is the largest palace in the world. It was built in 1406 to 1420 on 72 hectares of land. This was the home to twenty-four emperors for five centuries. At present there are approximately 980 buildings with 8,707 rooms still standing. The perimeter has moat 20 feet deep and a hall 33 feet high. It now nerves as a museum.
The Terracotta Army is located at Xian Province. It is a collection of approximately 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses. It represents the army of the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang (221 BC-206 BC).
The Mogao Caves is one of the three most famous ancient rock-cut temples. It is a collection of 492 temples. The wall of the cave showcases Buddhist art and storage of scrolls since 366 AD. It is located 25 kilometers southeast of Dunhuang.
Leshan Giant Buddha
The 233 feet tall Giant Buddha of Leshan is located at western China at the province of Sichuan. It was built in 713 during the Tang Dynasty and was completed in 803.
In addition to historic tourist attractions, there are also must-see modern buildings and architectures. These are a reflection of China’s economic progress throughout the years.
Pudong is a district of Shanghai. Twenty years ago, this was a farmland, but now skyscrapers and tall buildings have been erected. Located here are the Oriental Pearl Tower, the Shanghai World Financial Center, the Jin Mao Building and the Shanghai Tower. It became China’s financial and commercial district.
Tianjin is one of the national central cities located on the coast of northern China. It is one of the largest coastal cities; because of that, it is a major seaport and gateway. It is the center of advanced industry and financial activity.
China is indeed a large country with so many wonderful tourist destinations. One could choose to go on a nature trip, historical adventure or enjoy city life of China. The travel is all worth it.