Cusco, the embrace of the ancient past in the modern world

Cusco
(1) Machu Picchu

This is where the ancient past reminds the modern world of the sequence in time that brought us to the present age.

The hub where Inca civilization flourished, Cusco’s long standing resilience to progression through time is perceptible in the remnants left by the early natives who have established one of the most important fragments in history.

Location

Cusco map
(2) Cusco Map

Cusco is the center of Inca civilization. The city is the capital of the Cusco region and is found near Urumba Valley in the Andes Mountains.

The city covers about 385.1 square kilometers and has an estimate population of 500,000. A point where early civilization developed, Cusco has now grown into a tourist spot due to the remnants and structures left by the previous population.

Its importance in the study of social evolution has been recognized, appointing some of its parts as UNESCO Heritage spots.

Climate

A day in Cusco
(3) A day in Cusco

The city is situated in a high location that resulted to wealthy nature that surrounds it. The average temperature would fall around 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Travelers might want to consider the months of September to December when planning a trip to this beautiful city because these months have nice average weather.

The most rainfall is during the first quarter of the year, while summer is between May and September.

Transportation

Transportation in Cusco
(4) Transportation in Cusco

The nearest airport is situated at the far edge of Cusco. International travelers might want to book a flight to Lima first, and then book a connecting flight to Cusco from there.

Getting to the city center from the airport is possible via taxi. If coming from cities such as Lima, Puno, Nazca and La Paz, getting a bus ride would be an ideal route to go.

Attractions

Pikillaqta

Pikillaqta
(5) Pikillaqta

The place served as a ceremonial site for the Wari people who inhabited the place until 1100 AD. The pre-Inca city has places, parks and houses in it that tells how ancient life was conducted by the early people who lived here.

The ruins narrate the life that blossomed here through the excavated and stones found in Pikillaqta.

Saksaywaman

Saksaywaman
(6) Saksaywaman

The walled complex has been famous because the stones that make it up were cut carefully to fit together tightly and securely without the help of using mortar.

The fine construction has become both a puzzle and point of admiration for scientists and architects. There were studies and speculations made as to how these stones were bound together that even a sheet of paper can’t pass through them.

This alone serves as reminder that early civilizations did have a distinct way of performing tasks that involve the impressive technology that they knew.

Sacred Valley

Sacred Valley
(7) Sacred Valley

This is the key settlement for the Inca civilization. There is no surprise that this became a home for Incas because of its strategic location and wealthy nature that surround it.

Located in the Andes, the Sacred Valley has become an important place not only for the Incas, but also for researchers and historians of the current era.

Images
(1) http://images-resrc.staticlp.com/C=AR1200x630/S=W1200,U/O=85/http://media.lonelyplanet.com/a/g/hi/t/abba3a96064d6d8ed68a9bf6cd7808b7-wayna-picchu.jpg
(2) http://www.infocusco.com.pe/sp/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/mapa-infocusco.jpg
(3) http://www.naturetravelspecialists.com/images/peru/full/cuscolanef.jpg
(4) http://www.diarionoticias.pe/fdirimg/local/142743647562-Terminal-terrestre-buses.jpg
(5) http://www.portalmachupicchu.com/fotossites/pikillacta2.jpg
(6) http://cdn2.drprem.com/travel/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Saksaywaman.jpg
(7) http://www.bambaexperience.com/recursos/Services/29/galeria/09Pisac.jpg

Sources

Landmarks Tour of Cusco, Cusco
http://www.gpsmycity.com/tours/landmarks-tour-of-cusco-4349.html

Cusco Peru Destinations
http://www.peru.travel/en-us/where-to-go/cusco.aspx

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